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Spring Flowers Emerging In April

Daisy (Bellis perennis)

This sweet lawn flower has spoon-shaped leaves that stay green all year round, the yellow-centered white petalled daisy is named the Day’s Eye, as it follows the sun’s trajectory throughout the day opening its petals at sunrise and closing them when the sun goes down or it rains.

Forget-me-not (Myosotis arvesis)

Also known as Field Forget-me-not, the familiar blue-flowered plant has downy greyish leaves that form a rosette appearing at the beginning of the year, the flowers will then start to open in early April lasting right through to Summer. Once it starts to bloom the tiny flowers attract hoverflies and small solitary bees. If you have a forget-me-not plant it should happily self-seed, producing many other plants nearby.

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

The sunny tufty cushions of bright yellow dandelions will start to pop up as soon as we get longer days. This perennial is a fantastic source of early nectar for bees and other pollinators. The rosette forming leaves are serrated like a set of lion’s teeth (dente-de-lion in french) and can be eaten raw in a salad. Every part of the dandelion is edible from root to petal, the latin name ‘officinale’ denotes a plant that was used in cooking or herbal medicine.

Cowslip (Primula veris)

Once a common field flower that popped up every Spring in grazing pastures often near cow-pats or cow-slops! The cowslip is actually beautifully fragranced with a scent likened to apricots. A relation of the primrose, the leaves are deeply crinkled forming a flat rosette at ground level. A tall stem with a cluster of tiny yellow trumpets dotted with gold appears in April.

Primrose (Primula vulgaris)

The pale yellow flowers of primrose form in starry clumps above the crinkly rosette of broad leaves. This is one of the first flowers to emerge in Spring and is visited by early bee-flies or bumblebees. Primroses have two types of flower, pin-eyed and thrum-eyed to promote cross-pollination, famously much studied by Darwin.

Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)

The feathered leaves of cow parsley appear by early spring and some sunnier spots may have already seen the white flower. A single plant has up to 5,000 flowers making it wonderful for pollinators.  The beautiful lacy blooms can be found in hedgerows from late April through to July.

Bluebells (Hyacinthoides non-scripta)

Shiny dark green sword shaped leaves appear from February and from early April to May depending on the weather, slim stems shoot up to hold a string of bright blue beautifully fragranced floral bells. Bluebell woods are synonymous with early Spring in the UK, which is home to about half of the world’s bluebell population. 

Which early wildflower blooms have you spotted, or are you growing this Spring?

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