Toadflax (common)

Linaria vulgaris

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Conservation Status

Stable, though there have been local losses in the north.

Best Time to See

In flower July to October. A late bloomer, it often is at its best in the autumn and can even flower in November if grass is given a late cut.

Natural Habitat

In open grassy places, on stony and waste ground, hedge banks, road verges, railway embankments and cultivated land.

Also known as the Wild Snapdragon, the pale yellow and orange flowers of toadflax are often to be seen on roadsides and waste places, providing a splash of colour right into late autumn.

How to spot it
Pale yellow snapdragon-like flowers with darker yellow to orange centres are carried in spikes above profuse, narrow, slightly greyish coloured leaves.

3 things you might not know

  • The orange-yellow streak on the lip of the flower acts as a honey guide path for the bees which pollinate it.
  • In the 17th century people placed toadflax leaves under their bare feet and between their toes to ward off fever.
  • It was once used as a source of yellow dye for cloth. for more information



A beautiful mix of native wildflowers that is perfect for pollinators and the most hardy of our wildflower mixes. Urban Meadow is a colour combination of annuals and perennials developed in collaboration with River of Flowers – a fantastic and inspiring organisation working to create and connect urban meadows across the globe. Each seed ball contains approximately 30 seeds from a mix of Common toadflax, Cornflower, Cowslip, Meadow cranesbill, Musk mallow, Oxeye daisy and Red campion, plus a sprinkling of pollinator-friendly annuals Chamomile, Cornflower, Corn marigold, and Night-flowering catchfly. See Full Listing.

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